Transfrontier Conservation Areas
Top Biodiversity Ecotourism Sites
Rugged kloofs, high mountains and dramatic landscapes that sweep away inland from the Orange River divulge the fact that you are now in the vast mountain desert that is the |Ai-|Ais/Richtersveld National Park, an area managed jointly by the local Nama people and the South African National Parks. This is a harsh and unpredictable land where water is scarce and life-sustaining moisture comes in the form of early morning fog - called 'Ihuries' or 'Malmokkies' by the local people - which rolls in from the cold waters of the Atlantic Ocean, sustaining a remarkable range of small reptiles, birds and mammals. A staggering assortment of plant life, some species occurring nowhere else, is to be found here, with gnarled quiver trees, tall aloes and quaint 'half-mens' keeping vigil over this inscrutable landscape.
Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park straddles the borders of Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe and joins some of the most established wildlife areas in Southern Africa into a huge conservation area of 35 000km² (± the size of the Netherlands) which is managed as an integrated unit across three international borders, Limpopo National Park (LNP) and forms the core of the second-phase transfrontier conservation area (TFCA), measuring almost 100 000km² and which includes Banhine and Zinave national parks, the Massingir and Corumana areas and interlinking regions in Mozambique, as well as various privately and state-owned conservation areas in South Africa and Zimbabwe bordering on the Transfrontier Park.
An amalgamation of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa (proclaimed in 1931)and the Gemsbok National Park in Botswana, the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park comprises an area of over 3,6 million hectares - one of very few conservation areas of this magnitude left in the world.Red sand dunes, sparse vegetation and the dry riverbeds of the Nossob and Auob show antelope and predator species off to spectacular advantage and provide excellent photographic opportunities. Kgalagadi is also a haven for birders, especially those interested in birds of prey.
The proposed Limpopo/Shashe Transfrontier Conservation Area (interim name only) straddles the international borders of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe.When established, this transfrontier conservation area (TFCA) will embrace land that belongs to different stakeholders and become a unique conservation initiative involving partnerships between governments, private landowners and local communities.
The Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project (MDTP) is a five year World Bank funded intervention (2003 – 2007) that seeks to establish a framework for co-operation between Lesotho and South Africa in order to ensure the protection and sustainable use of the natural and cultural heritage of the Maloti-Drakensberg Mountains for the benefit of present and future generations.