There are many ways to climate-proof settlements so that the built environment is better able to cope with extreme weather events. These include installing lightning conductors on buildings, placing buildings outside of areas that could flood, increasing the size of stormwater pipes so that they can cope with increased water volumes, and rehabilitating wetlands so that they slow down the water in flooding rivers.
Climate change will make natural and extreme weather disasters happen more often, and with greater intensity in many places. Designing, building or adapting infrastructure in these settlements, so that it can absorb the shock of these extreme weather events, is an essential, proactive part of disaster management in the face of climate change.
Investing in climate-proofing settlements helps to reduce loss of life and tries to stop physical damage to property which is costly and disrupts social services.